By Eulinda Antonette Clarke-Akalanne

Composed on Monday 28th May 2018, updated as necessary.

Let’s look back in history

to find the origins of the Windrush mystery.

Three hundred and seventy-six years ago…

women, children and men of African origin

were captured and enslaved to work in the Caribbean.

These slaves became British West Indian Citizens

who laboured for the British plantocracy in their thousands.

They tilled the earth, fork, spaded and hoed

Harvesting coffee, cocoa, tobacco

and producing sugar which was called ‘White gold’

that enriched Britain’s economy much more than a hundred-fold

financing her commercial and industrial Revolution

while strengthening and expanding her capitalism.

West Indians served in the two great wars

soldering on with patriotism, pride and deep loyalty

to fight and to die for Britain, their Mother Country.

Now, fast forward, 71 years ago, they were called to Britain to serve again

to fill job vacancies created by World War two

which many local people deemed undesirable to do.

With no hesitation the migrants came to serve their king and country

They came to the mother-land that they adored…

a land of hope and bounty.

The ship, ‘Empire Windrush,’ brought the first four hundred and ninety-two…

In the year 1948, Tuesday, June twenty-two.

They filled job vacancies like Public Transport, National Health Service (to which I belonged) and British rail,

despite having their social and cultural lives curtail …

by prejudice, racism, discrimination, hostility and attacks

like the 1958 and 1959 assaults in Notting Hill by white youths on blacks….

And bullied by Teddy boys and barred from private houses and flats

with signs which read  ‘No Irish, No dogs, No blacks’

And the 1962 Immigration Act designed to close British doors

Barring further entry to Coloureds to Britain’s shores.

Plus an election campaign slogan of 1964

That read ‘If you want a NIGGER for a neighbour


and Enoch Powell’s ‘Rivers of Blood prophesy of 1968,

That hasn’t materialised up to today’s date.

The Windrush migrants never questioned their residential state

because they believed their statuses were up to date.

These beliefs were reinforced by the immigration Act 1971

That conferred Indefinite Leave of stay to them, each and everyone

The contributions and jobs these loyal citizens maintained

Helped to build a global and modern Britain

Theresa May’s ‘Hostile Environment Bill of 2013

Aimed to reduce net migration to tens of thousands, this was the dream.

It made life in Britain difficult for[ACA2]  those without correct documentation

and caused many Windrush migrants’ hardships beyond expectation

because, some had lost their original passports and/or documentation

And to crown it all, in 2009 by Home Office instruction

their landing cards and records went to destruction.

This resulted in many of them being declared illegal immigrants

despite paying their taxes and National Insurances

Some had their driving licences revoked

Others were sacked from their jobs and left destitute and broke

Some were evicted from home

and left on the streets to rough sleep and roam

Bank accounts were frozen and salaries denied

From these experiences some tragically died

all because of the Hostile Environment Bill

that psychologically maims and sometimes physically kill

Some Windrush migrants were deported

others were denied re-entry to Britain when at the airports they reported.

Some people’s pensions were stopped

And others had health care suspended or completely dropped.

Some families were split and separated

some individuals were incarcerated or repatriated

The traumas of the Hostile Environment Bill are too numerous to mention here

But some include despair, depression, dread and fear

Suffice it to say, some experienced extreme calamity

Deep mental scars and total disharmony.

Thanks to some MP’s the Windrush Scandal has now abated

And by December 2018 more than 3000 Windrush migrants

Had their British Citizenships reinstated

Windrush experiences are not all doom and gloom

There are lots of successful stories with glitter and boom

But I’ll recite these on another occasion

Because it’s time for me to leave this podium

But….. before I take my exit

I ask, ‘What’s happening next?’

Now there is Brexit?


This work is protected by copyright.  No part of this work may be copied, stored, transmitted or distributed without my expressed prior written approval.

My name is Eulinda Antonette Clarke-Akalanne. I was born in Barbados but have lived in England since I was 18 years old. I worked in the National Health Service (NHS) for almost 50 years as a General Nurse, Midwifery Sister, Senior[EC1] Psychiatric Charge Nurse, Nurse Prescriber and Senior Health Visitor. I also qualified and worked as a Social Worker.  Since retiring I achieved one of my dreams and graduated with BA honors in Anthropology from the University of Bristol.  I am a poet, my compositions are related to experiences of myself and others




Tony Tokunbo Eteka Fernandez is an International Award Winner, Published Author & Poet, Broadcast Journalist, MC and Youth Empowerment Consultant . He is also The CEO of AFRICA4U and The Founder of Africans in The Diaspora People also see him as a Cultural and Social entrepreneur, which means he is skilled in working with many different communities, bringing people together in successful focused events. Tony has organised many cultural events …involving both BME and mainstream communities. He is skilled in hosting events that reinforce community cohesion and bringing different kinds of people together. He has organised events in The UK, The U.S.A, Holland, Germany, Romania, Malta and Nigeria and has visited over 22 European Countries. Tony has also organised The Black History Month Celebrations at The UK House of Parliament for over five years in a row He continues to promote the true life and success stories of Africans in Europe and Africans around the world and has organised several small scale literary and awards initiatives aimed at empowering young people. He has also spent time as an International broadcaster and was The Producer and Presenter for AFRICA4U International Radio Talk Show at Reading4u Radio Station for nearly three years. Tony has interviewed high profile Members of Parliament, Distinguished celebrities and some of Africas best musicians including Ivonne Chaka Chaka and Kanda Bongoman. He has also been a guest on BBC Radio on numerous occasions to discuss the community cohesion events he organises at UK House of Parliament and also to recite some of his published work in memory of Nelson Mandela, 50 Years Anniversary of The race relations act and major community issues. Tony has also a Guest on popular Radio stations in Nigeria and The States In the last few years he has been very passionate about Youth empowerment, community cohesion and cultural intelligence. Tony was born in South London and has lived in several parts of England and Nigeria . He started writing at the tender age of nine, a habit he expressed with creative enthusiasm. Tony writes Poetry, short stories and proverbs on personal development. He is currently working on his 4th book which will also be his first novel. He is also into Public Speaking at Special events and Social functions and is a Mentor for young people in the UK Community. He completed a Bachelor of Arts degree at The University of Lagos, Nigeria in English and World Literature. He later went on to attain a teaching qualification at The Frances King International Training Institute, South Kensington London, it was here he studied Teaching English as a Foreign Language. He also studied Web Design at The City University in London. He published his first book in June 1999 called “The Beauty in the Dark” (A Collection of Poetry which received critical acclamation in many circles around the world). .Tony’s aim in life is to inspire the young generation and to encourage the youth to make the very best of their dreams and aspirations,. He published a 2nd book in June 2009 called ” The Sound of Running Water” – A Family gift book of proverbs and quotations on Personal Development and Positive Thinking . In December 2009, he published his 3rd book called “One Moment of Peace”.- A collection of Poetry inspired by personal experiences and spiritual growth. Besides the fact that the Artist has won International online awards, he is mostly inspired by Life experience, love, music and cultural awareness. He was Resident Poet at the 5th London Poetry Festival in 2009 and has been a guest on BBC Radio on very many occassions including The famous Anne Diamond Show. He has also been a guest on a few SKY TV stations and several International Radio Stations around The World
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